Quick edit: The Humbling Lessons for Modi and BJP from an Electoral Victory That Looks Like Defeat 

The lessons from the recent elections underscore the importance of addressing internal rifts, fostering unity within party ranks and prioritising inclusive economic policies.
Narendra Modi Addressing Party Karyakartas After the Elections
Narendra Modi Addressing Party Karyakartas After the ElectionsX (Formerly Twitter)

In the unpredictable realm of politics, outcomes often defy expectations and leave pundits scratching their heads. The recent electoral outcome of general elections, especially Uttar Pradesh (UP), a state that has been a focal point of development initiatives under the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led government, has left both supporters and critics of the ruling party astounded. The BJP's significant loss in Faizabad, a constituency where grand ceremonies of a Ram temple were recently held, adds a layer of complexity to the analysis of this political shift. 

Exploring the ground realities, several theories emerge to explain the unexpected turn against the BJP and its stalwart, Prime Minister Narendra Modi. One prominent explanation points to internal discord within the party, particularly the reported rift between the formidable Modi-Amit Shah duo and the chief minister of UP, Yogi Adityanath. This internal division within the BJP ranks created a vulnerability, allowing opposition forces to capitalise on the disunity. 

Read: BJP wins 240, Congress in 99: Top Highlights of Lok Sabha Election Result 2024

The removal of Shivraj Singh Chouhan as chief minister of Madhya Pradesh despite electoral success reportedly sent shockwaves through the BJP cadre, raising concerns among leaders like Adityanath about their own future within the party hierarchy. Additionally, the influx of "imported" candidates from other parties further strained relations within the BJP, with longstanding members feeling sidelined in favour of newcomers who enjoyed greater access to the party leadership. 

A more nuanced yet significant factor contributing to the BJP's setback lies in the uneven economic growth experienced across India. While the Modi government has overseen commendable economic performance, particularly in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, this growth has been unevenly distributed. Rural areas, grappling with adverse weather conditions and economic challenges, have not seen commensurate benefits compared to the booming stock market and urban sectors. 

The stark disparity in economic outcomes has created a sense of disillusionment among the marginalised sections of society, who feel excluded from the narrative of prosperity touted by the ruling party. The BJP's past electoral victories, such as post-demonetisation, were buoyed by sentiments of solidarity among the poor and the rich witnessing shared hardships. However, the current economic landscape, characterised by a widening wealth gap, has eroded this sense of unity and solidarity. 

In politics, perceptions often hold more sway than economic indicators. While past leaders may have secured mandates amidst widespread poverty, today's electorate evaluates their leaders based on relative prosperity. For Prime Ministers seeking reelection on platforms of economic growth, it is imperative to ensure that this growth is inclusive and reaches all segments of society. 

The lessons from UP and other parts of India underscore the importance of addressing internal rifts, fostering unity within party ranks, and prioritising inclusive economic policies. As political dynamics continue to evolve, leaders must heed the voices of the marginalised and ensure that the dividends of progress are shared equitably across society. Only then can they hope to secure the mandate of a populace yearning for genuine and inclusive development. 

Related Stories

No stories found.
Outlook Business & Money